Basic Japanese Phrases to Know When Traveling in Japan

basic japanese phrases

Having learned Japanese throughout high school and university, and having frequented Japan an obsessive number of times, I’ve compiled a list of the most helpful basic Japanese phrases that will make your upcoming trip 10x more enjoyable.

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No time to read? Pin these easy Japanese words for later!

Basic Japanese Phrases for Travel

It’s no secret that Japan’s English proficiency ranks rather low compared to other parts of the world. (Not that there’s anything inherently wrong with that!)

Because of Japan’s unique geographical location as an island nation, locals aren’t particularly inclined to learn languages other than their native tongue.

travel phrases in japanese

Although English is taught in most schools, the country’s education system tends to emphasize more on reading/writing, instead of spoken English. And even if someone has great conversational skills, they might be too shy to speak to foreigners due to their fear of making mistakes.

While you don’t need to be fluent in Japanese to visit, these Japan phrases for travelers will surely make getting around much easier.

Greetings

Humans are social creatures. Whether you are meeting someone or buying souvenirs at a local shop, it’s basic manners to acknowledge the presence of others.

Learn some basic Japanese words, such as

  1. 「おはよう」ohayoumorning (casual)
  2. 「おはようございます」ohayou gozaimasugood morning

basic japanese words

  1. 「こんにちは」konnichiwahello or good afternoon
  2. 「こんばんは」konbanwagood evening
  3. 「初めまして」hajimemashitenice to meet you
    • This is used when meeting someone for the first time
  4. 「よろしく」yoroshiku – the contextual meaning is “nice to meet you” (casual)
    • Hajimemashite literally translates into “we are meeting for the first time,” whereas yoroshiku is more “take care of me”
    • You use the former to open up the conversation, then you end with the latter
  5. 「よろしくお願いします」yoroshiku onegaishimasunice to meet you (more formal)
    • This is also used when asking for a favor to mean “please take care of it”

basic japan words

  1. 「どうぞよろしくお願いします」douzo yoroshiku onegaisimasuvery pleased to meet you (super formal)
    • I’d use this in a business setting where you are meeting someone senior or prestigious
  2. 「久しぶり」hisashiburilong time no see; it’s been awhile
  3. 「もしもし」moshi moshi or moshi moshhello
    • This is for answering the phone
  4. 「バイバイ」bai baibye bye (casual)
  5. 「じゃあね」jā nesee ya! (casual)
  6. 「またね」mata ne – another casual way to say see you

easy japanese words

  1. 「また明日」mata ashitasee you tomorrow
  2. 「さよなら」sayonaragoodbye

It’s important to note that you should only ever use casual speech with friends, family, or those whom you are close to. Or, if you are speaking with someone visibly much younger.

Basic Phrases in Japanese

Navigate social interactions with these everyday Japanese words:

  1. 「はい」haiyes
  2. 「いいえ」iieno
    • This sounds a little robotic and textbooky
    • You can say daijoubu desu instead (see below)
  3. 「大丈夫です。」Daijoubu desu.I’m okay/it’s okay or no, thanks.

basic japanese words for travel

  1. 「結構です。」Kekkou desu.No, thank you.
    • This is a polite/formal phrase typically for speaking with wait staff
    • Don’t use this with friends or family, as you can appear cold and distanced
  2. 「すみません」sumimasenexcuse me/I’m sorry
    • You can say this to catch someone’s attention, or before asking for directions or for help

japanese phrases for tourists

  1. 「ごめんね」gomen neI’m sorry (casual)
  2. 「ごめんなさい」gomen nasaiI’m sorry
    • Sumimasen is more “I’m sorry to bother you,” whereas gomen ne and gomen nasai are used to actually apologize for something you did wrong
  3. 「ありがとう」arigatouthanks (casual)
  4. 「ありがとうございます」arigatou gozaimasuthank you (more formal)
  5. 「ありがとうございました」arigatou gozaimashitathank you very much (super formal)

You’ve probably noticed by now that there are tons of different ways of saying the same thing. (And I haven’t included all the variations!) When speaking with a stranger, it’s always best to use the more formal speech.

Asking for Directions

Google Maps has really transformed the way we travel. But if for whatever reason you still need to ask for directions, these common Japanese phrases for tourists will come in handy.

  1. 「ここはどこですか?」Koko wa doko desu ka? Where is this?/Where am I?
  2. _____はどこですか?」_____ wa doko desu ka?Where is _____?
    • Example 1:「駅はどこですか?」Eki wa doko desu ka? – Where is the station?
    • Example 2:「トイレはどこですか」Toire wa doko desu ka? – Where is the restroom?

japanese travel phrases

  1. _____に行きたいです。」_____ ni ikitai desu. – I want to go to _____.
    • Example:「東京に行きたいです。」Tokyo ni ikitai desu. I want to go to Tokyo.

basic japanese travel phrases

  1. 「右」migiright
  2. 「左」hidari left
  3. 「東」higashieast
  4. 「西」nishiwest
  5. 「南」minamisouth
  6. 「北」kitanorth
  7. 「真っ直ぐ」massugugo straight; straight ahead
  8. 「隣」tonarinext to
  9. 「前」mae in front of
  10. 「後ろ」ushirobehind
  11. 「遠い」tōifar
  12. 「近く」chikakunearby
  13. 「交差点」kousaten intersection
  14. 「角」kadocorner
  15. 「道」michistreet/road
  16. 「橋」hashibridge

As long as you can pick up on these keywords, you’ll have a pretty good grasp of the conversation.

basic japanese phrases for travel japanese phrases for travel

Useful Phrases in Japanese for Convenience Stores

No matter how many basic Japan words you learn, I guarantee that you will feel like a deer caught in headlights the moment you step foot in a convenience store for the first time.

Fear not. Here are some conversational Japanese phrases they don’t teach you in textbooks:

  1. 「コンビニ」conbini – abbreviated saying for convenience store
  2. 「お次の方どうぞ!」Otsugi no kata douzo!Next in line!
  3. 「ポイントカードはお持ちですか?」Pointo kādo wa omochi desu ka? Do you have a point card?
    • If you have one, say 「持っています」motte imasu – I have it
    • If not, say「持っていません」motte imasen – I don’t have it

common japanese phrases for tourists

  1.  「ボタンを押してください。」Botan o oshite kudasai.Please press the button.
    • The legal age for drinking/smoking is 20
    • If you are purchasing alcohol or tobacco, the staff is required to ask you to confirm your age on their machine
    • Press 「はい」hai – yes
  2.  「_____温めますか?」_____ atatamemasu ka? Do you want _____ warmed up?
    • Or 「温めましょうか?」Atatamemashou ka? – Shall I warm it up?
    • Example: 「お弁当温めますか?」Obento atatamemasu ka? – Would you like your bento warmed up?
    • You can reply with 「はい、お願いします!」Hai, onegaishimasu! – Yes, please!
    • Or 「大丈夫です。」Daijoubu desu. – It’s okay.
    • If they don’t ask, that means there’s a self-serve microwave on the side

japanese for tourists

  1. 「少々お待ちください。」Shou shou omachi kudasai.Please wait a moment.
  2. 「お待たせいたしました。」Omatase itashimashita.Thank you for waiting. 
  3. 「レジ袋はご利用になりますか?」Reji fukuro wa goriyou ni narimasu ka?Do you need a plastic bag?
    • Another variation is「レジ袋はいりますか?」Reji fukuro wa irimasu ka?
    • Or 「袋は如何ですか?」Fukuro wa dou desu ka? – What about the bag?
    • There are a couple of ways to ask this. Listen for reji fukuro or fukuro.
    • If you need one, say 「はい、お願いします。」Hai, onegaishimasu. – Yes, please!
    • If not, say「大丈夫です。」Daijoubu desu.

useful phrases in japanese

Additional Japanese Phrases for Travelers

Cutlery is usually provided without asking. However, the cashier may sometimes ask

  1. 「お箸をお付けしますか?」Ohashi o otsukeshimasu ka?Do you need chopsticks?
    • Or「箸お付けしましょうか?」O hashi otsuke shimashou ka? – Shall I give you chopsticks?
    • Ohashi can be replaced with
      • 「スプーン」supūn – spoon
      • 「フォーク」fōku – fork

Other than that, they may also confirm if you need a receipt or not.

  1. 「レシートはよろしいですか?」Reshīto wa yoroshī desu ka?Would you like your receipt?

japan phrases for travelers

Japanese Basic Phrases for Ordering Food

In a Restaurant

When entering a restaurant, you will encounter

  1. 「いらっしゃいませ」irrashaimasewelcome
  2. 「何名様ですか?」 Nan mei sama desu ka?For how many?
    • 「一人です。」Hitori desu. – For one.
    • 「二人です。」Futari desu. – For two.
    • 「三人です。」San nin desu. – For three.
    • Starting from three, it’s simply number + nin desu. (See counting section below.)

basic phrases in japanese

  1. 「予約をしています。」Yoyaku o shite imasu.I made a reservation.
    • O is a particle that is often dropped when speaking
      • I.e. Yoyaku shite imasu.
    • You can follow that up right away with「_____です。」_____ desu. – The name is _____.
    • Or,「_____で予約をしています。」_____ de yoyaku (o) shite imasu. – I have a reservation under _____.

conversational japanese phrases

How to Order

If you have any questions about the menu or if you’re ready to order, memorize these Japanese phrases for beginners:

  1. 「英語のメニューはありますか?」Eigo no menyū wa arimasu ka?Excuse me! Do you have an English menu? 
    • Wa is another particle that you can omit in speech
      • I.e. Eigo no menyū arimasu ka?
    • I’ve seen a few videos on social media warning against ordering from English menus because the prices are marked up. I’d never asked for one before, so this was news to me. That said, I decided to compare both English and Japanese menus at a couple of restaurants in Tokyo, and, what can I say… The prices for both were exactly identical! I’m not sure where this idea from, and who knows! Maybe I got lucky? Either way, I wouldn’t stress about it. If you want to know what you’re ordering and what you’re putting in your mouth, just ask for the English menu.

basic japanese phrases travel

  1. 「おすすめは何ですか?」Osusume wa nan desu ka?What do you recommend?
  2. _____をください。_____ o kudasai. – _____ please.
  3. 「_____をお願いします。」_____ (o) onegaishimasu._____ please. 
    • I learned _____ o kudasai from my Japanese tutor and from Japanese classes in school
    • In real-life situations, _____ (o) onegaishimasu is more practical
    • The two mean the same thing. You’ll be using onegaishimasu so much already. Stick to this one, and you’ll have one less vocabulary to remember.
    • To make your life easier, you can point to an item on the menu and say
      • 「これをお願いします。」Kore (o) onegaishimasu. – This one please.

japanese basic phrases

Proper Dining Etiquette

Showing gratitude is a major part of Japanese culture. Knowing these basic Japanese phrases can bring a smile to chefs and waiters.

basic japanese words for tourists

  1. 「いただきます!」Itadakimasu! – Let’s eat!/Bon appétit!/Thank you for the meal!
    • The literal translation is “I humbly receive.” This is s used to show appreciation towards those who prepared your meal starting from the farmers to the cooks.
    • I’d say this when eating at someone’s house. For restaurant dining, it’s not as big of a deal unless you are enjoying a meal with a local. (I.e. if you are eating by yourself at a ramen shop, don’t sweat it.)

learn basic japanese words

  1. 「ご馳走様です。」Gochisousama desu.Thank you for the meal.

some basic japanese words

  1. 「ご馳走様でした。」Gochisousama deshita.Thank you for the meal. (More formal.)
  2. 「美味しかったです。」Oishi katta desu.It was delicious.

Paying for Your Meal

When asking for the bill, you can say

  1. 「お会計をお願いします。」Okaike (o) onegai shimasu. – Bill, please.
    • Waiters typically bring your bill along with your food and you pay at the front when you leave. If there’s no bill, you can head straight to the front to pay. When in doubt, ask for the okaike.

useful japanese phrases for tourists

  1. 「別々にお願いします。」Betsu betsu ni onegaishimasu.Separate bills, please.
    • Ni is a particle that can be omitted as well
      • I.e. Betsu betsu onegaishimasu.
  2. 「レシートをお願いします。」Reshīto (o) onegaishimasu. – Receipt, please.

Japanese for Travelers when Shopping

Planning to indulge in a little retail therapy? Keep these basic Japanese words for tourists in your back pocket.

  1. 「これはなんですか?」Kore wa nan desu ka?What is this?
  2. _____はありますか?」_____ (wa) arimasu ka? Do you have _____?
    • Some clothing items to remember are
      • 「シャツ」 shatsu – shirt
      • 「ティーシャツ」tīshatsu – tshirt
      • 「パンツ」pantsu – pants
      • 「ジーンズ」jīnzu – jeans
      • 「ドレス」doresu – dress
      • 「スーツ」sūtsu – suit
      • 「帽子」boushi – hat
      • 「鞄」kaban – bag
      • 「靴」kutsu – shoes

japanese phrases for beginners

  1. 「大きいサイズはありますか?」Ōkii saizu (wa) arimasu ka?Do you have a bigger size?
  2. 「小さいサイズはありますか?」Chīsai saizu (wa) arimasu ka?Do you have a smaller size?
  3. 「別の色はありますか?」Betsu no iro (wa) arimasu ka? Do you have other colors?
    • Or, you can ask for a specific color
      • Example:「白はありますか?」Shiro (wa) arimasu ka? – Do you have white?
      • Other colors are
        • 「黒」kuro – black
        • 「赤」aka – red
        • 「オレンジ色」orenji iro – orange
        • 「黄色」ki iro – yellow
        • 「緑」midori – green
        • 「青」ao – blue
        • 「パープル」pāpuru – purple
  4. 「試着してもいいですか?」Shichaku shitemo ii desu ka?Can I try it on?

japanese conversational phrases

  1. 「いくらですか?」Ikura desu ka?How much is it?
  2. 「これをお願いします。」Kore (o) onegaishimasu.This one please.
  3. 「免税手続きはできますか?」Menzei tetsuzuki (wa) dekimasu ka?Do you offer tax-free shopping?
    • Tax-free shopping is available for purchases of 5,000 yen or more at select stores
    • I’ve gone around asking 「Tax free できますか?」Tax free dekimasu ka? – Can you do tax free?
      • And everyone has understood me so far
  4. 「カードは使えますか?」Kādo (wa) tsukaemasu ka? Can I use credit card?
    • Or「カードお願いします。」Kādo (o) onegaishimasu. – Credit card please.

japanese words for travel

Basic Japanese for Travel Emergencies

It sucks to lose things while traveling, which is why learning basic Japanese phrases for tourists will help better prepare you.

  1. 「忘れ物をしました。」Wasuremono o shimashita. I lost something./I dropped something.

japanese for travel

  1. 「財布を落としました。」Saifu o otoshimashita. I dropped my wallet.
  2. 「鞄を無くしました。」Kaban o nakushimashita.I lost my bag.
  3. 「パスポートを無くしました。」Pasupōto o nakushimashita. I lost my passport.
  4. 「遺失物取扱所はどこですか?」Ishitsubutsu toriatsukaijyo wa doko desu ka?Where is the lost and found?
  5. 「電話を貸してください。」Denwa o kashite kudasai. Please lend me a phone.
  6. 「ホテルに連絡してください。」Hoteru ni renraku shite kudasai. Please contact the/my hotel.

Should you fall sick, it’s good to know these Japanese conversational phrases:

  1. 病院byouinhospital
  2. 「病院に行きたいです。」Byouin ni ikitai desu.I want to go to the hospital.

japanese phrases for travelers

  1. 「アレルギーがあります。」Arerugī ga arimasu.I have allergies.
  2. 「けがをした。」Kega o shita.I got hurt./I hurt myself.
  3. 「痛いです。」Itai desu.It hurts.
    • Example 1:「頭が痛いです。」Atama ga itai desu. – My head hurts.
    • Example 2:「お腹が痛いです。」Onakaga ga itai desu. – My stomach hurts.
  4. 「風邪をひきました。」Kaze o hikimashita. I caught a cold.
  5. 「熱があります。」Netsu ga arimasu.I have a fever.
  6. 「薬をください。」Kusuri o kudasai.Please give me medicine.
    • In Japan, you are only allowed to purchase prescription drugs if you have a valid prescription (from a doctor)

And if you get in an accident… (*knock on wood*)

  1. 「助けて!!!」Tasukete!!!Help!!!
  2. 「助けてください。」Tasukete kudasai.Please help.

everyday japanese words

  1. 「救急車」kyuukyuushaambulance
  2. 「救急車を呼んでください!」Kyūkyūsha o yonde kudasai!Please call an ambulance!
  3. 「警察」keisatsupolice
  4. 「警察を呼んでください!」Keisatsu o yonde kudasai! Please call the police!
  5. 「緊急です。」Kinkyū desu. It’s an emergency.
  6. 「火事です。」Kaji desu.There’s a fire.
  7. 「事故です。」Jiko desu.There’s a traffic accident.

Or natural disaster… O__O

  1. 「地震」jishin earthquake
  2. 「津波」tsunami tsunami
  3. 「避難」hinanevacuation
  4. 「避難所」hinanjyoemergency shelter
  5. 「避難所はどこですか?」Hinanjyo wa doko desu ka?Where is the emergency shelter?

Let’s hope you don’t need to learn basic Japanese words for emergency though!

japanese for travelers

Other Useful Japanese Phrases for Tourists

  1. 「英語を話せますか?」Eigo o hanasemasu ka?Do you speak English?
    • Or「英語ができますか?」Eigo (ga) dekimasu ka?
    • To be honest, I don’t ever bother asking this because if someone knows English/wanted to speak English to you, they would already be doing so. Nonetheless, this can still be beneficial to learn because while someone like a train station attendant may not know English, they can potentially give you some sort of English information pamphlet or brochure.

japanese word for travel

  1. 「もう少しゆっくり話してください。」Mou sukoshi yukkuri hanashite kudasai.Could you please speak a little slower?
    • Or「ゆっくり話してください。」Yukkuri hanashite kudasai. – Can you please speak slower?
  2. 「もう一度お願いします。」Mou ichido onegaishimasu.Pardon me? Again, please.

basic japanese for tourists

  1. 「写真を撮っても良いですか?」Shashin o tottemo ii desu ka?Can I take a photo?
    • If that’s too long to remember, you can simply ask
      • 「写真OK?」Shashin OK?
      • 「写真いい?」Shashin ī?
      • 「写真大丈夫?」Shashin daijoubu?
    • It’s polite to request for permission in a restaurant, store, or if you wish to photograph someone

Checking in/out of a Hotel

Unless you are staying at a smaller property somewhere in the country side, there’s isn’t a need to learn specific words for hotel check-ins or check-outs. Regardless, I will leave these basic Japanese phrases here just in case.

  1. 「チェックインをお願いします。」Chekku in (o) onegai shimasu.Checking in, please.

basic japanese for travel

  1. 「朝ご飯は何時ですか?」Asa gohan wa nan ji desu ka?What time is breakfast?
  2. 「晩御飯は何時ですか?」Ban gohan wa nan ji desu ka?What time is dinner?
    • Dinner is usually included at an onsen ryokan
    • The front desk will ask in advance what time you would like dinner to be served
  3. 「チェックアウトは何時ですか?」Chekku auto wa nan ji desu ka? What time is check-out?
  4. 「Wi-Fiありますか?」Waifai arimasu ka?Do you have Wi-Fi?
  5. 「ATMありますか?」ATM (wa) arimasu ka?Do you have an ATM?
  6. 「ランドリーサービスはありますか?」Randorī sābisu (wa) arimasu ka?Do you have laundry services?
  7. 「アイロンはありますか?」Airon (wa) arimasu ka?Do you have an iron?
  8. 「金庫はありますか?」Kinko (wa) arimasu ka?Do you have a safe?
  9. 「チェックアウトをお願いします。」Chekku auto (o) onegaishimasu. Checking out, please.
  10. 「ここに荷物置をいて行っていいですか?」Koko ni nimotsu wo oite ittemo ii desu ka? May I leave my luggage here?
  11. 「タクシーを呼んでください。」 Takushī o yonde kudasai.Please call a taxi.

simple japanese for travel

Bonus: Counting Numbers & Quantities

Last but not least, we have a “good to know” section.

If you are solely studying basic Japanese words for travel purposes (and not to take the Japanese-Language Proficiency Test), knowing basic counting for up to two or three numbers (i.e. san, san nin, san ko, san pon) is more than enough. There’s always body language and Google Translate too!

Basic Counting

In general, numbers are

  1. 「一」ichione
  2. 「二」ni two
  3. 「三」san three
  4. 「四」shi or yon four
  5. 「五」gofive
  6. 「六」rokusix
  7. 「七」shichi or nana seven
  8. 「八」hachieight
  9. 「九」kyū or kunine
  10. 「十」ten

simple japanese phrases for tourists

How to Tell Time

To tell time, it is number + ji.

  1. 「一時」ichi jione c’clock
  2. 「二時」ni jitwo c’clock
  3. 「三時」san jithree o’clock
  4. 「四時」yo jifour o’clock
  5. 「五時」go jifive c’clock
  6. 「六時」roku jisix c’clock
  7. 「七時」shichi jiseven c’clock
  8. 「八時」hachi jieight c’clock
  9. 「九時」ku ji nine c’clock
  10. 「十時」jū ji ten c’clock
  11. 「十一時」jū ichi jieleven c’clock
  12. 「十二時」jū ni jitwelve c’clock

japanese phrases travel

For minutes, it’s number + fun or pun.

  1. 「一分」ippun – one minute
  2. 「二分」ni fun – two minutes
  3. 「三分」san pun – three minutes
  4. 「四分」yon fun – four minutes
  5. 「五分」go fun – five minutes
  6. 「六分」roppun – six minutes
  7. 「七分」nana funseven minutes
  8. 「八分」happun – eight minutes
  9. 「九分」kyū fun – nine minutes
  10. 「十分」juppun – ten minutes
  11. 「二十分」ni juppuntwenty minutes
  12. 「三十分」san juppunthirty minutes
    • Half past is 「半」han
      • Example: 「十二時半」jū ni ji han – half past twelve
  13. 「四十分」yon juppunforty minutes
  14. 「五十分」go juppunfifty minutes

useful japanese words for travel

To clarify whether you are talking about morning or evening time, use

  1. 「午前」 gozenA.M.
  2. 「午後」gogoP.M.

Counting People

If you are counting how many people are in your group for dining at a restaurant, it’s

  1. 「一人」hitorione person
  2. 「二人」futaritwo people
  3. 「三人」san ninthree people
  4. 「四人」yo ninfour people
  5. 「五人」go nin five people
  6. 「六人」roku ninsix people
  7. 「七人」nana ninseven people
  8. 「八人」hachi nineight people
  9. 「九人」kyū ninnine people
  10. 「十人」jū ninten people

common japanese phrases for travelers

Counting Things

Generally speaking, when you count objects, it is

  1. 「ひとつ」hitotsuone
  2. 「ふたつ」futatsu – two
  3. 「みつ」mitsu three
  4. 「よつ」yotsufour
  5. 「いつつ」itsutsu five
  6. 「むっつ」muttsusix
  7. 「ななつ」nanatsuseven
  8. 「やっつ」yattsu eight
  9. 「ここのつ」kokonotsunine
  10. 「とう」touten

But, there are exceptions!!! For smaller (round) items (e.g. apples), use ko

  1. 「一個」ikkoone
  2. 「二個」ni kotwo
  3. 「三個」san kothree
  4. 「四個」yon kofour
  5. 「五個」go ko five
  6. 「六個」rokkosix
  7. 「七個」nana koseven
  8. 「八個」hakkoeight
  9. 「九個」kyū konine
  10. 「十個」jukkoten

japanese travel phrases restaurant

For long items (e.g. bottles of beer, pens, or umbrellas), it’s

  1. 「一本」ipponone
  2. 「二本」ni hon – two
  3. 「三本」san bon – three
  4. 「四本」yon hon – four
  5. 「五本」go hon – five
  6. 「六本」roppon – six
  7. 「七本」nana hon – seven
  8. 「八本」happon – eight
  9. 「九本」kyū hon – nine
  10. 「十本」juppon – ten

There are several counters in Japanese (days, months, occurences, drinks/shots, floors, animals, cars and machines, points, etc. etc.) and it’s hard to go over all of them in one single post. Having said that, I’ve chosen the most common travel phrases in Japanese that you will likely use.

Well, there you have it! What a long list, phew!!

As mentioned above, you don’t need to speak perfect Japanese in order to visit. However, knowing these basic Japanese travel phrases will definitely make navigating the country and communicating with its locals more rewarding.

Pst! You may enjoy these Japan guides!

 
My Japanese language skills are a little rusty now that I'm no longer in school. I double checked all phrases in this guide to make sure everything is correct. However, should there be any mistakes, please don't hesitate to correct me in the comments!

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